There are great many resources available which detail the benefits, successes, and attributes of waste-to-energy.

The 2018 ERC Directory of Waste-to-Energy Facilities


Municipal solid waste management and waste-to-energy in the context of a circular economy and energy recycling in Europe (Malinauskaite, J. et al, Energy, 2017)

Survey of MSW Generation and Disposition in the U.S. (Themelis and Shin, Columbia University, MSW Management, 2015)

Circular Economy: Energy and Fuels (International Solid Waste Association, 2015)

This is Advanced Energy (Advanced Energy Economy, 2016 (See page 21))

Stemming the Tide: Land-based strategies for a plastic-free ocean (Ocean Conservancy, 2015)

Energy from Waste: A Wasted Opportunity? (British Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 2008)

Power Book: Energy from Waste (Third Way, 2014)


Greenhouse Gas Reductions

Mitigation benefits and co-benefits of policies, practices and actions for enhancing mitigation ambition: implementation of circular economies with a focus on waste-to-energy technologies and on industrial waste reuse and prevention solutions (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2018)

Getting it Right: The Next Fifteen Years of Energy (Goldberg, Third Way, 2016)

Energy from Waste Can Help Curb Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Center for American Progress, 2013)

The Treasure of Diverted Trash (Center for American Progress, 2014)

Municipal Solid Waste Thermal Technologies (California Air Resources Board, 2014)

The Potential of Waste-to-Energy in Reducing GHG Emissions (Chandel et al., Future Science, 2012)

Generating and Selling Carbon Offset Credits (Van Brunt et al., 2012)

CalRecycle Review of Waste-to-Energy and Avoided Landfill Methane Emissions (Walker and Gin, CalRecycle, 2012)

Life-Cycle Assessment of Waste Management GHG Emissions Using Municipal Waste Combustor Data (Bahor et al., Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2010)

Is it better to burn or bury waste for clean electricity generation? (Kaplan, DeCarolis, Thorneloe, Environmental Science & Technologies, 2009)

Better Management of Municipal Waste Will Reduce GHG Emissions (European Environmental Agency, 2008)

Integrated Waste Management as a Climate Change Stabilization Wedge (Bahor et al., Waste Management & Research, 2009)

Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report (Pachauri et al., Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2007)

WWF Position Paper on Bioenergy (World Wildlife Fund, 2008)


Renewable Energy 24/7

Waste Not, Want Not: Analyzing the Economic and Environmental Viability of Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Technology for Site-Specific Optimization of Renewable Energy Options (Funk et al., Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis, 2013)

Davos Report: Green Investing Toward a Clean Energy Infrastructure (Liebreich et al., World Economic Forum, 2009)

2014 Energy and Economic Value of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), Including Non-Recycled Plastics (NRP), Currently Landfilled in the Fifty States (Themelis and Mussche, WTERT-Columbia, 2014)

ASME White Paper on WTE as a Renewable Energy Source (American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2008)

Renewable Energy

Outstanding Environmental Performance

Inventory of U.S. 2012 Dioxin Emissions to the Atmosphere (Dwyer and Themelis, Earth Engineering Center-Columbia University, 2015)

Memo from EPA documenting compliance with MACT Standards (Stevenson, 2007)

Municipal Waste-to-Energy Has Very Little Public Health Impact (Chrostowski, CPF Associates, 2007)

Memo from EPA documenting compliance of large units with MACT Standards (Stevenson, 2002)


Complementing & Enhancing Recycling

2014 Update: A Compatibility Study: Recycling and Waste-to-Energy Work in Concert (Berenyi, Governmental Advisory Associates, 2014)

2009 Update: A Compatibility Study: Recycling and Waste-to-Energy Work in Concert (Berenyi, Governmental Advisory Associates, 2009)

The Beneficial Use of Waste-to-Energy Bottom Ash in Road Construction Projects in Pasco County (Power et al., 2015)

Complementing Enhancing Recycling

Good Paying, Green Jobs

Nationwide Economic Benefits of the Waste-to-Energy Sector (Berenyi, Governmental Advisory Associates, 2013)